Table of Contents Hide
- Irritated Skin And Eczema
- Infected Anal Glands
- Extreme Shedding
- Car Sickness
- Hot Nose And Cold Nose
- Problems Of Old Age Dog
- Teeth Care
- Pulmonary Disease
- Skin And Nervous Disturbance
- Mites In The Ear
- The Ascarids Development ( ROUNDWORM )
- Worming At Home
- Fleas And Lice
- Canker Of The Ear
Canine diseases are frequently caused by the owner’s negligence or lack of forethought.
Some owners who know very little about the various illnesses feel they are competent of identifying and treating them. In most situations, this does more harm than good.
When the dog is eventually taken to the veterinarian, treatment is extremely difficult to provide since the sickness may have progressed to an advanced degree.
Constipation is frequently caused by an improper diet, such as an excess of dry, hard food or an abundance of bulky food, such as potatoes, rice, bread, or maize.
It might be caused by the dog ingesting sticks, straw, or grass, or by chewing on too many bones. The major cause of canine constipation, however, is the owner’s refusal to take common sense safeguards.
Don’t feed a house dog too much bulky food, and just offer it a bone to nibble on once in a while. Constipation is rare in dogs that get adequate outside exercise.
Age has a significant impact on the nature and tone of the bowels. An older dog, like an elderly person, may require a little dosage of mineral oil or milk of magnesia on occasion.
Constipation is frequently associated with the need for a low enema.
Signs Of Constipation
If your dog seems listless and its eyes lose their shine, he or she may be constipated. It will initially vomit food.
If not alleviated, it will vomit stringy mucus mixed with greenish-brown bile. The dog will regularly and painfully try to evacuate the bowels.
In severe situations, if not handled quickly, the outcome may be autointoxication and death. The dog’s hindquarters will become partially or fully paralysed, his breath will become unpleasant, his eyes will get sunken and congested, and there may be a small pus discharge.
With the impending coma, the respiration becomes fast and jerky, then slows. Your dog will be dead soon.
Keep medicines to a minimum while treating digestive problems and, if feasible, correct the disease naturally.
A sick dog will not eat and will not retain what it does consume, therefore something must be done to promote bowel movements.
In such circumstances, give your pet some milk of magnesia. If you don’t obtain any results, seek professional assistance or take the dog to a hospital equipped to handle the problem.
If your dog need a mild laxative, a substantial quantity of whole milk or liver should suffice. A small amount of olive oil or a neutral mineral oil added with the dog’s diet may frequently accelerate its expulsion.
Diarrhea in dogs is generally caused by digestive problems. Normally, there is an inflammation that may or may not be contagious.
The contents of the small intestines are typically liquid, but when food travels through them, it progressively hardens by absorbing fluids from the big bowel.
Elimination usually takes between twenty and twenty-four hours. It is obvious that when you give the dog a big amount of drink, the consistency of the intestinal passage is changed.
Causes Of Diarrhea
The regularity of the bowels can be disrupted if the dog consumes potato peelings, fruit parings, and table scraps, as well as too much food or an excessive quantity of fat, lard, or butter.
Some medicines stimulate the bowels muscular wall, causing its contents to flow so quickly that absorption is impossible.
Others, such as Epsom salts, work by pulling fluid from the mucous membrane lining of the gut.
Organic Castor oil, has both physiological and mechanical activity, as opposed to mineral oil, which simply serves as a lubricant. If the dog is anxious, too much excitement or nervous shock may result in irregular movements and serious Diarrhea.
Bacteria break down food particles during digestion, and the gut requires a specific quantity of bacteria for proper digestion.
These bacteria are safe if all of the organs are operating normally, but they can cause Diarrhea, as can worms and other intestinal parasites if the dog’s resistance is compromised.
The therapy is determined on the cause of the Diarrhea. If it is the consequence of overfeeding and drinking too much liquid, simply cut back on both food and fluids.
If it is the consequence of a foreign irritant, give the dog a big dose of castor oil, especially if you believe it has eaten tainted or poisoned foods.
Give it a decent intestinal antiseptic every hour until five or six doses have been provided in total.
If the Diarrhea is caused by parasites, the dog should be dewormed, but this should be done with caution.
Withhold all meals and drinks from the dog for at least twenty-four hours, regardless of the reason of the Diarrhea. Feed modest quantities when you begin feeding, gradually increasing the ratio to usual over 72 hours.
Equal portions raw hamburger and cooked rice are curative. Boil all of the water or, even better, feed the puppy barley or limewater, which helps to cure hyperacidity.
Return to your usual diet when the dysentery has been treated.
Vomiting indicates that the dog has eaten something that does not suit with it. Sloppy and bulky meals strain the stomach and cause the dog to vomit.
If your dog’s diet consists primarily of dry food, wet it with milk or water and let it aside for at least 30 minutes before serving.
As a result, the meal expands in the pan rather than the stomach, which might trigger vomiting.
The content of the vomitus is determined by the source of the problem and how long it has been present.
When it is foamy and slimy, the situation is not as serious as when blood is present. If there is any green-colored stuff ( bile ), the liver is implicated. If there is blood or bile, the condition is severe and requires immediate medical treatment.
Vomiting is one of the earliest symptoms of many infectious illnesses, such as distemper, and if it persists, send your dog to your veterinarian right once.
Treatment Of Simple Vomiting
You may avoid vomiting caused by a poor diet if you give your puppy the right food in the right way. If your dog has a basic upset stomach, deprive it of all food and drink for at least twenty-four hours and give it a gastric sedative.
A combination of equal parts corn syrup and orange juice is one of the most effective stomach sedatives. This should be taken in tablespoon increments every fifteen to twenty minutes.
When fermentation is severe and gaseous circumstances are a concern, give the dog five grains of bismuth subnitrate every two hours or charcoal and pepsin tablets.
If the dog stops extending after a twenty-four-hour fast, feed it very little raw meat at first, gradually increasing to greater amounts. After around two days, it should be receiving its regular quantity of its typical diet.
Indigestion in a dog can occur as a result of incorrect or excessive feeding, or from consuming dry foods that have not been properly moistened and so expand in the stomach.
If your dog has a sensitive stomach, even the slightest change in nutrition might cause problems.
This is especially true of smaller breeds, since they are picky eaters, and their gastric cavities are so small that their stomachs may rapidly get full. If your dog has indigestion, avoid feeding it items that cause gas to develop.
Symptoms Of Indigestion
Indigestion can manifest itself in a variety of ways. The dog may be a bit restless after eating, may wander around a lot, continuously shifting its posture, or may develop a neurotic reaction that results in running fits.
The jaws may open and shut, causing the teeth to clatter. In rare situations, saliva and froth come out of the dog’s mouth, and the dog screams in agony, accompanied by violent muscular activity.
The dog is exhausted after a spasm and moves unsteadily. It’s almost as though it’s in a trance. It will regain some control but will be scared and may snap, so let it alone until it is at least half back to normal.
This sort of fit has recently been defined as a deficiency of the “vitamin B complex.” Don’t mix this sort of fit with the nervous type of distemper or the spasms that precede encephalitis or meningitis.
Management Of Mild Indigestions
Indigestion refers to a wide range of disorders. It might be difficult to determine the specific reason or causes, but the veterinarian can generally make a diagnosis after thorough observation.
If the diet is incorrect, you can cure minor instances at home by removing whatever factor is causing the problem from the dog’s food.
If the indigestion is caused by overeating, take a little quantity of milk of magnesia. If the abdomen is firmly strained, you can use charcoal or a mixture of charcoal and pepsin pills to absorb the gas and relieve the pain.
If your dog has fits, take it to the veterinarian right away; even with professional medical care, the fatality rate in such instances is significant.
Irritated Skin And Eczema
Eczema is often caused by a malfunctioning immune system that is aided by external factors. Pink or pale red skin develops.
It may be dry or wet, and it resembles a raw sore. Local irritation is frequently caused by the common flea, to which many dogs are allergic. If the flea moves over the skin, the dog becomes affected across a wide region.
A lack of certain vitamins can cause a skin disease characterized by itching.
Irritation will be most noticeable around the base of the tail, in the “arm pits,” down the belly, and on the inside surface of the thighs. There will be a lot of loose dandruff visible.
The more dandruff there is, the more vitamin deficiency there is.
Strong soaps, too many washes, and matted hair can all cause external irritation in white and light-colored dogs.
Fleas are more common throughout the summer, especially from the middle of July until the end of September. It is only natural that during this time, irritations caused by them are more common.
The Skin’s Treatment
Check the dog carefully for fleas and other parasites. You may get rid of them by washing the dog with mild soap and applying a pine oil solution as a last rinse.
As previously indicated, one ounce of pine oil should be used for every quart of water. This is one of the few solutions that kills fleas without harming the dog.
If necessary, trim a piece or all of the dog’s coat to make it easier to apply the medication. Almost any anti-irritant can alleviate the itch.
The traditional homemade cure of sulphur and lard is a common salve. If this is utilized, it should be done twice or three times each day.
The dog’s nutrition is very important at this time. The layperson may be perplexed by the many forms of skin diseases since the symptoms vary so slightly in many situations. As a result, it is prudent to seek the counsel of a specialist.
Infected Anal Glands
The anal glands are located on each side of the anus, also known as the rectum. A tiny hole on both sides leads into two sacs approximately the size of a hazelnut, each holding a straw-coloured fatty material.
This substance has a foul odour and is typically expelled after a bowel movement. Unless the stool is excessively loose, it functions as a lubricant.
When the anal glands stop working, this fatty material gets flaky and curdled, perhaps causing a halt. When this occurs, the glands continue to produce and grow to three times their regular size.
These diseased glands may burst, releasing the contents, which are mixed with pus, through the hole. A dog suffering from this disease may seek relief by dragging its behind along the floor, as the swelling produces itchy hemorrhoids.
The owner is usually confident that this is a symptom of worms. Even if the dog has worms, this is not necessarily a sign.
If the anal glands do not work correctly, they may be to blame for the “doggy odour “ that occasionally emanates from the house pet Any qualified veterinarian can get rid of the problem with little effort and at a low cost to the owner.
If common pus-forming bacteria invade the anal glands, they may need to be removed to provide a lasting cure.
Dog hair on clothes and furniture is unappealing and filthy. The veterinarian is frequently asked the same question: “How can I stop my dog from shedding?”
A regular dog that is not maintained in overly artificial surroundings sheds just once a year and will cause little discomfort if it gets lots of exercise outside to shake the loose hair off the skin. When a dog is housed in an apartment with a temperature above seventy degrees, it is more likely to shed.
Grooming To Prevent Shedding
Grooming the hair with a brush and comb on a regular basis, as well as an occasional wash with a pine oil rinse, will remove or reduce the severity of this problem.
In addition to everyday grooming, a wire-haired or coarse-haired dog should be stripped at least twice a year.
These dogs have two coats: the topcoat, which is coarse in texture, and the underfur, which is smooth and silky.
Grooming the dog is beneficial not only in terms of aesthetics and keeping a normal, healthy coat and skin, but also because the skin requires activity just like any other part of the body.
How To Keep Your Dog Skin Healthy
It is essential to maintain healthy skin since it serves as a temperature-regulating mechanism and aids in the removal of waste materials that accumulate in the body.
If the dog wants to have a regular coat, the skin must be rubbed and maintained clean, free of extra dirt, filth, or grease.
When it comes to skin care, give the dog an alcohol massage every now and again, followed by an application of cocoa butter. It will profit from the inclusion of cod liver oil and calcium gluconate to its diet as well.
Puppies between the ages of four months and a year are frequently uneasy, and their nervous symptoms range from a small twitching during sleep to the opposite extreme, convulsions.
The anxious temperament of a dog is generally managed by its owner. When a dog is adequately nourished and gets an adequate amount of exercise, it seldom exhibits an unusually anxious disposition. Distinct breeds have different temperaments.
The Fox Terrier, as one might imagine, is more nimble and moves around with greater recklessness than the Great Dane.
Anxiety can be caused by a heavy worm infestation. A dog can be on a balanced ratio and yet feel anxious if the worms are present in large numbers and the dog is unable to absorb necessary dietary ingredients.
A deficiency of key vitamins in the diet has lately been linked to a neurotic disease in dogs.
The nervous variety of distemper may also cause nerve damage in the dog, ranging from twitching of the eyelid, lip, or a small jerking of the leg to a continuous jerking of the entire body.
When this ailment ( chorea ) develops, there is nothing that can be done to treat it.
Some dogs are particularly sensitive to certain musical tones, while others are particularly sensitive to the sound of a whistle or siren. Others are bothered by the phone or the doorbell.
Small children may irritate your dog to the point that it snaps or bites them. Some little events may have occurred throughout the dog’s growth and training, causing it to be wary of specific moves by the owner.
To discipline your dog, do not hold it by the nape of the neck or the ears. This injures the dog and makes it more agitated and anxious.
How To Manage Your Nervous Dog
When dealing with a frightened dog, choose your methods of reprimand with caution. This is one instance where an ounce of compassion goes a long way.
A soft touch and a little persuading will fare far better than a loud beating or other maltreatment on a scared dog.
After a dog has grown completely terrified of its owner, it may take two or three weeks for confidence to be restored. In certain cases, anxiety, especially in the female, is embarrassing to the owner.
To a large extent, this may be handled via compassion and ensuring that the dog is never excessively enthusiastic.
Car sickness is a common issue, especially with puppies.
The dog drools a lot, walks around a lot, and may vomit if it gets too anxious. To remedy this situation, use a simple approach that has shown to be effective in many cases.
Take the dog on brief trips on a regular basis, keeping it close to you. Allow it to stare out the car window, not necessarily open, so it can view the changing scenery.
A trip in a car is similar to a ride in a gondola of a balloon for a puppy. The image is nothing but empty space, leaving you to wonder where you’re headed and what will happen next.
Car Sickness Prevention
If you must take the dog on a lengthy journey, obtain a dosage or two of an excellent stomach sedative from the veterinarian to assist avoid car sickness.
If your dog has a history of vomiting or vehicle sickness, don’t feed it for six hours before the journey.
It is sometimes good to give the dog a sedative strong enough to put it to sleep for the duration of the journey.
An underweight dog may be the consequence of a persistent digestive disruption caused by a variety of illnesses.
Chronic enteritis, which usually results from a bacterial invasion or a severe parasite infestation of the intestine, is one of the most important causes in maintaining a dog’s weight below normal.
Simple underfeeding will help keep the dog’s weight under control. Don’t draw the conclusion that restricting the dog’s nutrition is harmful.
This is a good idea every now and again to keep it from becoming too heavy, obese, and sluggish. It is usually preferable to maintain the dog slightly underweight rather than overweight for health reasons.
Being underweight might cause the dog to be highly sensitive to illness. This is normal when the resistance decreases.
Take the dog to a veterinarian for expert assistance if it is too underweight and still has an unusually big appetite. This disease might be caused by a tapeworm infection, another parasite, or a persistent type of coccidiosis.
The dog might be suffering from a catarrhal intestinal irritation and consequent malassimilation of its meal.
Also, it may be receiving a lot of food, but it isn’t getting the appropriate sort of nourishment. A dog on a diet of bread and cornmeal will not thrive as well as one on a balanced diet.
Don’t think you can keep your dog in good shape by giving it a piece or two of bread and some leftover bones. This is simply not possible.
If the dog’s weight does not return to normal within two or three weeks of the diet being adjusted, seek expert help. It’s possible that the dog has an unstable temperament or is always on the go.
This can occur when a dog is allowed to run on a clothesline to which the lead is attached. Perhaps it is allowed to run free in a fenced yard and has developed the habit of chasing every car that passes, rushing from one end of the yard to the other.
Some dogs are regarded as “hard keepers,” since they are inherently skinny and, no matter what is done to make them gain weight, they stay underweight.
The age of the animal must be taken into account. When a dog reaches the age of nine or 10, he or she may begin to lose flesh.
This is usually due to decreased digestive function, and because the illness has progressed to a chronic stage, there is nothing that can be done to fix it at that age.
The perfect dog is both a companion and a pet; it is kind, affectionate, and social. It is rather aggressive and can deal with nearly any scenario that develops.
It barks to alert its owner to any potential danger. It has a bright eye, is always up for a game, and never drags its tail between its legs.
Do not consider a dog unwell if it is not on its toes and eager to frolic and play. Its lethargy might be the consequence of a different type of activity the day before or a little digestive issue.
The dog may be overfed or simply tired and unwilling to play. Dogs, like humans, have their “off days.”
Some Causes Of Listlessness
If the dull, listless state persists, something is most likely amiss, because it is not in the dog’s character to behave in this manner.
If your pet does not respond to a change in diet, take it to a qualified veterinarian since it may have ingested some hazardous substance.
This poison might have originated in the dog’s teeth, a concealed pus pocket at the base of one or more teeth, or diseased tonsils.
An elderly male dog may have a hidden gland abscess, a slow liver, or a circulation problem.
A female dog may exhibit unusual indifference owing to malfunctioning endocrine glands, or the problem may be caused by an ovarian tumour or involvement of the uterine lining membrane.
These situations are upsetting enough to knock the dog off balance, causing it to become dull and spiritless.
Hot Nose And Cold Nose
For years, the adage “cold nose, healthy dog; hot nose, sick dog” has circulated. This is one of many dog myths that must be disproved.
The temperature of the dog’s nose, whether hot or cold, indicates virtually little in terms of his overall health.
A dog with a fever generally has a hot, dry nose. Many dogs with hot, dry noses, on the other hand, are completely healthy.
When a dog roots in the dirt all the time, the exposed portion of the nostril thickens somewhat. If this disease develops chronic as a result of persistent roots and digging, the nose may constantly feel hot and dry.
Instead of utilizing the nose as a temperature indication, examine the inside of a dog’s thigh or its ears if you don’t have a thermometer.
When taking a dog’s temperature, a rectal thermometer should be used. The usual temperature is 100. 6 degrees Fahrenheit.
A small difference, either up or down, means nothing, because a dog might have a temperature of 102 degrees and yet be normal.
A little excitement, more than usual activity, or a change in nutrition can all cause the temperature to rise.
Puppies, in particular, have temperature fluctuations, and their usual temperature is somewhat higher than that of adult dogs. In most situations, a dog with a fever higher than 102. 5 degrees should be observed.
There is some debate over the use of maintaining a thermometer in the house. In many situations, it accomplishes little more than raise the owner’s temperature.
In general, an increase in temperature indicates an illness or infectious disease. If the temperature has been intentionally raised, the disruption to the thermic center of the brain has resulted from an outside stimulus, such as a heat stroke.
A low body temperature may suggest blood loss as a result of an injury, such as an internal haemorrhage from a car accident. Excessive haemorrhages caused by some intestinal blood-sucking parasites will also decrease the temperature.
The ordinary individual is unconcerned about the dog’s pulse. The heart of a dog is quite erratic in its activity, and any meaning drawn from the pulse requires expert competence.
The slower the heartbeat, the larger the dog. The heart of some of the smaller breeds beats so quickly that it is nearly difficult to analyze.
Problems Of Old Age Dog
The elderly dog requires one-on-one care. After 10 years of age, the average dog’s eyesight begins to deteriorate.
It significantly slows down inaction and constitutes a hazard on city streets. It is difficult enough for a young dog with all of its faculties to navigate today’s traffic, but it is nearly impossible for an elderly dog.
Care of the bowels one of the most challenging aspects of caring for an elderly dog is bowel care. Intestinal problems are common and can be difficult to manage.
Ensure that the bowels remain in good shape by providing a modest dosage of mineral oil on a regular basis.
Some are functional, while others should not be tampered with. These growths seem to be well-defined nodules or pimples ranging in size from a wheat grain to a big apple.
From a sanitary viewpoint, take care of the dog’s teeth. Pronounced halitosis is frequently caused by tartar buildup.
This is readily turned off, and the dog’s breath will be much less unpleasant as a result. Although most dogs do not have cavities in their teeth, they should be brushed on a regular basis.
Everyone who has raised dogs has heard about distemper, which is one of the most prevalent infectious illnesses in dogs. Distemper often affects young dogs, is common in pups under a year old, and appears less frequently in older dogs.
Cause Of Distemper
Distemper is caused by a particular protein, often known as a virus. A virus is anything that causes sickness, even if it has gone through the finest filter available, which contains the tiniest known bacterium.
The virus does not appear to thrive in any specific location, but it may be contracted virtually everywhere. As a result, every dog is generally exposed to it at some point throughout its growth.
Any dog who exercises on the street, in parks, or in other areas that may have been polluted by a sick dog is at risk of contracting distemper. Smelling the ground, trees, and shrubs exposes the dog to illness.
The Four Different Types Of Distemper
Distemper can be classified into four kinds. The intestinal kind is probably the most common. Then there’s the pulmonary or lung distemper, the mental distemper, and the skin distemper.
The illness might be so minor that the owner may not notice it. Although this is an uncommon occurrence, there have been situations when the dog was resistant to distemper.
When the illness first appears, the dog will not appear to be himself. It may eat minimally over the first several days and eventually vomit any food that enters the stomach.
This lasts three or four days, after which the dog seems normal again. It will eat again for a few days before going entirely off food and refusing anything.
It will have dysentery, which may or may not present at first but will nearly always emerge afterwards.
When these initial symptoms appear, the eyes wet and the nose runs. Although the fever is constantly high at this time, it generally reaches a peak at this stage of the illness.
Organisms Of Secondary Invasion
This viral infection lasts between five and twelve days. During this period, the dog’s resistance deteriorates to the point where it can no longer fight off the bacterial invasion.
The germs that comprise the bacterial invasion are known as secondary invading organisms, and they are the source of the majority of the problems.
The problem could be addressed if you just had one distemper to deal with. Dogs with distemper that have chronic Diarrhea get dehydrated. Dietary deficits result from a lack of appetite, which can lead to black tongue and rickets.
Constant pus in the eyes can lead to significant eye problems. In severe cases, ulcers form on the eyeball, which are extremely difficult to cure.
Cloudiness may develop, necessitating professional care. A prominent sensitivity to light is one of the signs of this disease, which appears in the early stages. It becomes more noticeable later on as a result of a shortage of specific vitamins.
The nasal discharge is profuse, yellow, and occasionally contains blood. The dog’s eyeballs shrink back into his skull, he loses all surface fat, and he looks emaciated. Numerous pus-filled pimples will be visible, particularly on the belly and down the inner thigh.
If the dog is infected with the nervous kind of distemper caused by bacterial invasion of the spinal cord, it may exhibit nervous signs that, if not treated, will progress to convulsions.
Prevention Of Distemper
In the case of distemper, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. There is now a vaccination that is highly efficient and successful as a preventative, and there are various ways to protect a dog against the ravages of this disease.
To some extent, all of the known ways have been successful. If the dog develops distemper after being vaccinated, the attack is generally less severe.
Treatment Of Distemper
Treating a sick dog is a very different process than avoiding the sickness. Because the death rate is so high, the dog should be placed under the care of a qualified veterinarian.
Because the symptoms are so complicated, and the disease manifests itself in so many various ways, there is no one course of treatment that can be followed in every patient.
To begin, there is a severe head cold to contend with, and the eyes require continual care and attention to avoid further vision loss.
Feeding is especially essential. Distemper dogs typically do not eat at all. Naturally, the dog must be fed in some way, and sometimes artificial techniques, such as intravenous feeding, must be reported.
In many situations, intravenous treatment is preferred since it gets to the source of the infection.
The use of convalescent serum has proven to be effective in the treatment of distemper. A dog with merely the beginnings of distemper can be given a therapeutic amount of serum, which will typically suppress the viral infection.
If nothing is done until the condition has advanced to the point where the secondary invading organisms are gaining an upper hand, causing a discharge from the eyes and a running nose, with concurrent Diarrhea and other serious symptoms, the distemper serum, while helpful, cannot be expected to cure.
Certain medicines have been used successfully in the past. In order to care for the eyes, they must be maintained clear of any discharge that may accumulate.
A glass of water with one teaspoon of boric-acid powder and one teaspoon of borax makes a great eyewash. This solution’s chemical mix appears to have a highly calming impact on inflamed and congested eyes.
Ointments are useless unless their precise effect is thoroughly known. In some situations, an ointment with local aesthetic qualities will be beneficial. The use of ointments containing mercuric oxide, for example, is not advised.
The treatment of the nose and upper air passages will demand regular attention as the discharge thickens and viscidities, clogging the nostrils.
The nose can be cleansed with a disposable tissue before being cleaned with the boric-borax solution. Following that, the use of a few simple nasal drops will be beneficial.
Most instances of distemper are accompanied by a cough. This might be due to the infection entering the lungs through the upper airway, or it could be due to a streptococcic tonsil infection with throat involvement.
When the disease reaches this level, a whole different course of therapy must be implemented.
Skin And Nervous Disturbance
When treating the skin type of distemper, the lesions should be treated locally with a good, mild antiseptic.
Don’t use anything that will hurt the dog if he licks it off. Though some instances have responded to encephalitis serum, therapy of the neurological kind of distemper has not been very successful to yet.
There are two forms of mange in dogs, one known as scabies and the other as red mange. Both of these diseases are caused by tiny parasites that infest the skin.
Canines contract mange from other dogs. Red mange (demodectic mite ) is, on the other hand, a common parasite in human skin.
Sarcoptic mange, often known as scabies, is the easiest of the two to treat since it does not penetrate deep into the skin.
Medicine is more readily administered since it remains mostly on the surface. Scabies may be treated with a variety of methods, but a type of sulphur, either in conjunction with lard or, even better, in combination with lime, is extremely successful.
Red mange necessitates a thorough scrape since it penetrates deep into the skin layers. Typically, the spot forms first around the head, particularly in naturally bald areas.
The lesions have a distinct odour, which appears quickly as the dog continues to scratch. This digging weakens the dog’s skin’s resilience, making it more prone to pustular forms.
When this ailment spreads, the hair thickens and covers over the pustules. These poisonous toxins are absorbed by the dog, causing significant harm to its health. If red mange is identified and treated early on, it will react swiftly to therapy and be cured.
Don’t allow the condition deteriorate to the point where it has to be treated, since if it becomes widespread, it may be very difficult to treat.
Mites In The Ear
A mite infests the ear and ear canal and is responsible for a substantial proportion of cankered ears. The therapy for this is being pursued under the cankered ears.
WORMS The ascarid, or roundworm, is the most prevalent intestinal canine parasite.
When fully mature, these worms range in size from one to four inches, have a greyish appearance, and coil like snakes when ejected from the body.
The dog might have any number of worms. In a four-month-old Cocker Spaniel, the writer encountered up to one hundred.
Worms are frequently thought to be born from food. Except for the origin of the tapeworm, which will be addressed later, this is incorrect.
The Ascarids Development ( ROUNDWORM )
The roundworm develops from an egg released by a mature worm. The egg is excreted by the dog in the feces, which contaminates the ground or floor.
Consider the roundworm’s life cycle while dealing with its control. As previously indicated, the worm’s egg is ejected from the dog.
It takes around twenty days for the nucleus of the egg to form into a larva when it reaches the outer world. During this time, it must be kept at a temperature between sixty and ninety degrees.
The dog’s usual temperature is 100. 6 degrees, so auto infection is out of the question.
The subject of how frequently to worm a dog can only be rationally comprehended and answered after the worm’s life cycle is recognized.
The dog consumes eggs that have been exposed to favorable conditions. These eggs make it to the gut.
The gastric fluid breaks the gelatin-like capsule that surrounds the egg, allowing the larva to move freely.
The larva enters the circulation after reaching the intestines and penetrating the intestinal wall.
It next travels to the liver and, via the portal circulation, to the lung, where its development phase concludes.
The larva remains in one of the lung’s small air sacs. A verminous catarrh generates a “wormy cough” throughout the larval development stage.
When the dog coughs, the young worms enter the throat through the windpipe in the mucus. This mucous is swallowed by the dog, and it reinfests itself.
You can see that it is possible to worm a puppy and fully clear his intestinal cavity of all worms then the dog may cough and get reinfested in less than an hour.
Worming At Home
From birth to finish, the worm problem is a war, with cleanliness and sanitation at the forefront. Unless the worms are removed, the animal will frequently perish.
As a result, the dog should be placed in the skilled care of your veterinarian, who has the expertise and equipment to treat the issue sensibly and successfully.
Home worming has created a lot of problems and, in many cases, has rendered the dog unsalvageable when brought to the veterinarian.
Allow the veterinarian to address the issue at first to minimize complications and extra discomfort for the puppy.
The hookworm, scientifically known as Ancylostoma caninum, is one of the most difficult worms to remove from a dog.
It enters the digestive tract in two ways: first, by ingesting the infective larva, and second, by piercing the epidermis.
The larva passes through the same developmental stages as the roundworm but does not reach the lung stage.
How The Hookworm Behaves
The hookworm lives in the small intestine, where it adheres to the intestinal wall.
These worms are bloodsuckers, and one hookworm may cause a dog to lose twenty drips of blood every day.
The site where the worm attaches itself to the intestinal wall remains an oozing hole through which blood continually escapes.
A severely diseased dog might die from a haemorrhage. We’ve seen puppies that seemed healthy in the morning but died by the afternoon.
A post-mortem examination revealed a severe hookworm infection and a bloody intestinal cavity. Hookworm symptoms include anaemia and blood in the feces (loose). A positive diagnosis can be made by using a microscope to examine the feces.
Treating hookworms is tough and time-consuming since there are so many variables to consider. Don’t try to treat the dog at home; instead, seek expert guidance and care.
There are three kinds of tapeworms that affect dogs, with just two of them being common. The Dipylidium caninum is the most common, and the Taenia pisiformis is the rarest. The third pathogen, Diphyllobothrium latum, infects dogs through fresh fish.
Tapeworm control is dependent on whether or not the intermediate host is destroyed after the worms have been removed.
Before treating the dog for tapeworms, the feces must be checked for worm segments or eggs. Because this can only be done effectively in a hospital, the dog should be placed in the care of a veterinarian.
The Trichuris vulpis, often known as the “whipworm,” receives its name from its appearance. It resembles a little black snake whip, with the worm’s body serving as the handle and the head serving as the point.
This worm is difficult to cure because it lives in the caecum, the space between the big and small intestines, where most medicines cannot penetrate.
The whipworm can be so troublesome, especially in terms of stomach problems, that it is occasionally essential to remove the caecum altogether.
Fleas And Lice
These parasites aggravate both the dog and the owner, the dog because of its discomfort, and the owner because he was concerned about his pet.
Someone once stated that a dog should have a few fleas to remind him that he is a dog. Fleas will keep the dog scratching so much that it will have little time to think about anything else.
Fleas afflict different breeds as well as individual dogs more than others. Terriers appear to be more vulnerable than Chow chows, owing to variations in temperament and skin sensitivity. Some bulldog breeds are extremely allergic to fleas.
When a dog starts scratching, he can’t seem to quit. If the situation persists for an extended period of time, the continual discomfort from the bites and scratching might cause significant problems. Don’t ignore fleas and fleabites until the problem is severe.
Getting Rid Of Fleas
Choose any mild face or hand soap. Rinse the suds from the dog’s coat completely. As a final rinse, use the previously indicated pine oil solution, one ounce of pine oil per quart of water.
All of your efforts will be futile if the fleas in the kennel or any other location where the dog may have been sick are not eradicated.
Apply the same pine-oil solution to the kennel or sleeping quarters as well as the floor, paying careful attention to the crevices.
If your dog sleeps on a blanket, wash it in hot water to kill the fleas and then rinse it in the pine-oil solution.
Getting Rid Of Lice
Lice are less prevalent than fleas. They are so little that it is advisable to use a magnifying lens and extensively inspect the skin to detect them.
If your dog is contaminated, don’t be surprised; simply go ahead and take care of the issue, because the dog scratching the lice can create just as much difficulty as the dog scratching fleabites.
If you look closely at the hair, you will notice extremely little yellow nits. Lice will be most prevalent around the neck, ears, and face. Examine the underside of the abdomen and the fur surrounding the tail thoroughly.
To get rid of lice, give the dog three washes at three-day intervals using the same pine-oil solution that is advised for fleas. Make sure the dog’s quarters are clean.
Canker Of The Ear
This disease is caused by ear inflammation, most often in the middle ear. It can be caused by dirt, dust, or other foreign things that have entered the ear canal, such as sticks, straw, hair, fleas, or lice.
Many times, it is caused by a bacterial infection in the throat, such as streptococcic tonsillitis. In this case, the condition is caused by bacterial invasion of the ear via the Eustachian tube.
The sort of substance that escapes from the ear is directly related to the reason. The ear may seem hot and swollen at times, although there is little or no discharge.
Again, the ear will emit a fetid odour, particularly in long-eared breeds such as Cocker and Springer Spaniels. A dark discharge might indicate mold development deep into the canal.
Canker Ear Treatment
The treatment of canker diseases differs depending on the cause. Remove any secretions from the ear by cleaning it with an equal mixture of alcohol and ether.
The owner should avoid going too far into the ear canal since the anatomical structure of the ear is unusual and the components involved are quite sensitive. It should be handled by an expert.
Rabies has probably received more attention than any other illness that affects both humans and animals.
Unfortunately, most of this attention has come from those who don’t understand the condition and have no information to back up their claims.
Some people think that if a dog bites a man, the man will get rabies. This assertion is completely unfounded and contributes to misconceptions and anti-dog prejudice.
Only a very small percentage of dog bites result in rabies.
To begin with, only a rabid dog may spread rabies through its bite. It is well known that only approximately 35% of individuals bitten by rabid dogs get rabies.
This is one of the most common misconceptions about dogs.
If a person gets bitten by a dog, he should ignore it completely, nor does he want to downplay the need of urgent treatment.
In every scenario involving human life, all preventive precautions should be followed.
There is no known therapy for rabies at stages so advanced that the dog exhibits any symptoms.
There is a preventive vaccination (the Pasteur treatment) that is approved for use in the early stages of the illness.
If there is any uncertainty about whether or not the dog has rabies, make sure this therapy is started right away as a precaution.
Dogs are now routinely immunized against rabies. There is some debate over whether or not this is fully successful, although it has several acknowledged benefits.