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You intend to take the greatest care of your new bird, to make its wire jail a joyful abiding place, and to be the object of its complete confidence and devotion.
Then, with a loving gaze set on the pensive little stranger, you inquire, “How shall I arrange the cage?” What should I do with it? What am I going to feed him?” And you say to yourself, “I don’t want to hurt the little fellow with my careless experimentation.
I’ll be very cautious! Until then, simply give him some seed and water. That probably won’t hurt him, and I’m not aware of anything else.
Housing Your Canary Bird
Because he requires a wash every so often, the cage should be cleaned at least every day. It is more important to accomplish things fast than it is to do it neatly.
Thus, before placing the bath in the cage, unload all of the litter from the bottom, as cleaning it into the basin is filthy labor.
If the bottom of the cage slips off, place the bath on new paper, the floor, or a table, preferably in a bright position, and place the cage over it.
The bird will soon enter the water, cleanse himself thoroughly, and then lay his plumage on a perch in the sun. Birds enjoy taking baths.
Never, ever deny it. Give it to them every morning if it is convenient for you. They wash many times a day in an aviary, where water is available at all hours of the day.
Considering this, many people maintain the bath in the cage all the time; nevertheless, this is a dirty habit, in addition to being pointless, because without any heated activity, the desire for more than one ablution per day is not felt, and hence is not indulged.
Remove the bath after the wash, wipe the droplets from the cage, and clean and dry the perches if they are soiled.
You washed all the crud off the cage’s bottom and covered it with clean paper cut to fit it nicely while bathing.
Paper is preferable over sand because you can see the droppings and so judge the health of the bird; otherwise, they roll into the sand and their condition is disguised.
Many birds die from diseases that, if treated in time, may have been readily healed. The first signs of sickness were lack of appetite and singing, drooping, closed eyelids, and so on. Then it was too late.
This is how you perceive the benefit of a paper carpet. Sand, on the other hand, is necessary; therefore place in a box or dish filled with clean sand, into which some eggshell is tossed. (Whenever an egg is cracked, save the shells for this use.) You understand about raw eggs.) They prefer it over cuttlefish as a digester.
Cuttlefish should not be avoided due to their shell. If they can only have one, give the fish first priority.
The size of the sand dish will depend on the size of the cage. It must not take up too much space, otherwise the value of the paper will be lost.
A few hemp seeds scattered on the sand is a wonderful idea since it prevents seed waste. Never combine hemp with other seeds, since a bird will toss out everything in the cup in quest of it.
As a result, it is advisable to sprinkle the hemp seed over the sand together with the egg-shell.
Fill one cup with pure water (keep the cup clean and delicious), and the other with canary, rape, and millet seeds; equal amounts of canary and rape, with a little sprinkling of millet.
Millet is not well-liked and will be squandered if combined in any quantity by spending the other seed seeking for it, unless the bird finds a like for it, in which case it may be mixed in any quantity he wishes, as millet is never harmful.
Remember, we’re preparing the cage for regular everyday use, so simply add half a Boston cracker, which may be secured between the wires near a perch.
Attach a cuttlefish bone, as well as a lump of sugar and a piece of apple or other green food.
Now your bird is fed a diet that will not damage him and on which he will grow and be happy even if no additions are made; nevertheless, diversity pleases and assists in the development of a system of intelligent observation, which one desires to foster in their pets.
As a result, for the advantage of people who can’t tell the difference between a sensible and an unwise variety, we’ve included a list of prudent foods, along with a few notes.
But first, before we start treating our queer little pet, where should we put him? Allow him to enter the room, and he will immediately demonstrate that he prefers a sunny location.
If you want your bird to thrive in health and singing, you should always consider his natural preferences as much as possible in your treatment of him.
If you are deprived of this life-giving ingredient for an extended period of time, you may experience fatigue, loss of voice, and other symptoms.
Give him a sunny window to avoid this. He may be hung from a spiral wire in front of the window or from a hook attached to the casing.
For the benefit of people who complain that a bird won’t sing when placed in a different area, I’ll offer this: Birds are, in large part, creatures of habit.
If you accustom children to one location solely, it is your fault if they learn to dislike change.
Set up screws in many windows, or rooms, if you want, and move him about every few days; alternatively, if you love monitoring his comfort, let him follow the sun from window to window.
It is also a good idea not to accustom him to a single bathing location, as circumstances may arise that prohibit this one location from being accessible when he refuses to wash.
Feeding Your Canary Bird
The following meals may be supplied according to their seasons; otherwise, if some of the numerous delicacies are available for your personal eating, remember the bird and split with him.
After a while, he will not let you forget the division, but will chirp and prance around until your attention is drawn and the normal amount of Seeds is handed over. Canary, rape, hemp, and millet are all examples of plant species.
Yellow mustard seed and pepper-grass seed are a delectable luxury, but must be provided in tiny amounts and sprinkled in on the sand.
Red pepper may be placed in the cage on occasion. Because the canary like spicy foods, it should not be overindulged too frequently, lest internal damage occur.
They create a wonderful taste in the winter and throughout the moulting process when eaten in moderation.
Food that is green, Lettuce, chickweed, plantain-rods, pepper-grass, yellow mustard, tender asparagus, cabbage-leaf, tender, clover-tops, roses, and buds; slices of apple, pear, peach, melons, banana, orange, plums, cherries, berries, and any other mellow and non-poisonous ripe fruit
Figs, dates, raisins, popped corn, stale bread, buns, sponge cake, hard-boiled egg, boiled or soaked rice; Irish or sweet potatoes, boiled or baked; raw or cooked sweet corn; green peas, tender string beans, young sugar beet, and tender turnip
The meats of shell-bark, beechnut, peanut, filbert, and other trees may be finely chopped and permitted in little quantities as a special treat now and again.
Oily nuts such as shagbark, butternut, and others are hazardous if consumed in large quantities, however a trifle may be provided at the owner’s discretion.
A cream nut caught between the wires will be devoured, but not on a regular basis.
The birds like cocoanut and coconut-cake as snacks. Stale bread drenched in sweetened cream, on the other hand, is the smartest dainty.
Ant eggs are a very nutritious food for all types of birds. Birds that are not too closely confined may consume figs and hemp seed, but they are far too fatty for a consistent diet unless exercised.
Figs are both strong and healing for ones who have weak bowels.
Many people are biased towards feeding birds a variety of meals, claiming that it would result in The loss of singing and health. That is incorrect; variation in food is normal for all birds.
We would not, however, suggest crowding any creature any more than we would promote a starvation regime, and birds fed on one or two types of seed are, in our judgment, suffering from gradual and excruciating starvation.
They become bony, cross, tense, and mopy; their blood quality suffers, and their strength suffers; and the issue is certain to be feeble.
Who would desire such birds? Who will willingly put money into them? They are taken away by a little disease.
If you’re interested in such a diet, put it to the test on yourself. Set aside Graham and water for a few weeks and watch how happy and powerful you feel. It will be for something to eat if you sing or dance.
Food that is greasy or has a lot of salt should be avoided. There are numerous types of prepared meals on the market,” which are so well marketed that they ought to have some worth.
We only talk about two sorts, and not in a good way. We dared to test the flavor ourselves after observing the birds’ unmistakable displeasure as they ate, completely refusing to taste a second time.
We spit out the pricey morsel, wash our mouth, and screamed, “The creature that can swallow has lost its sense of taste!”
It seemed a shame to waste such an expensive bonne bouche, so we decided to use it on a cat that was causing nuisance around the aviary windows.
As a result, the cake was fully soaked in a powerful beef-tea, wrapped in a thin slice of steal, and placed beneath the most favored window.
A bird fed just on seed will frequently profit if a nice piece of this sort is placed at his disposal, because the ants’ eggs, bread, and so on that comprise the meal will strengthen the weak system; and that is all the restorative job it will accomplish.
The ideal option is to provide pet birds with a balanced diet of fresh meals on a daily basis.
A bird starved enough to relish these stale foods in a dry pressed cake that must be soaked before eating is as pitiful an object as the miserable sinner in a dungeon whose appetite, whetted by insufficient rations, gloats over the black bread and brackish water.
Victimizing pet birds in this manner is the most inconsistent kind of cruelty. The fact that life can be supported on a very limited diet is not a good enough justification to expose a creature to it.
In terms of tonics, there may be a few decent to good recipes available to the public that will satisfy the needs of certain indispositions; nevertheless, we never employ a general tonic. We assess problems and prescribe appropriate treatments.”
Remove all stale parts while cleaning the cage, or before if they have turned acidic or rotting after the fresh flavor has faded.
If rotten or sour foods are consumed, they will cause intestinal discomfort and, in rare cases, cholera. It’s better to keep the dainties away than to forget to remove them while they’re in season.
A gluttonous bird should not be given unlimited food. Give him his dainties in modest amounts. Birds who have everything they desire from the start in the nest are less likely to overfeed than those who have been starved.
They savour the delicacy with the sophisticated appreciation of an epicure, then return to their singing. Plumpness enhances a bird’s appearance, and until he becomes sluggish, there is no need to restrict his meals.
Keeping Your Canary Bird Content
Laziness is caused more by forced inactivity than by nutrition. All pet birds should be given the opportunity to fly at least twice a week.
However, if this privilege is not granted, the bird must be treated with care. Every other evening at sunset, we would free her imprisoned family.
They had a wild time until it was time for them to return to their cages and roost. They never interacted in thus, each knowing its own prison.
After being caught and taught their task a few times, most birds develop this behavior. However, the cages must be hung in a nice location in order to be reconciled to voluntary retirement.
Birds will seldom seek them out if they are left on the floor. If you want a genuine rollicking, merry, and sprightly bird, make sure he gets plenty of activity and keeps him in a decent-sized cage.
A little mirror linked to the wires inside provides tremendous entertainment for a bird, particularly a female.
A singer spends far too much time doing it, unless, as is often the case, he develops the habit of singing to his own image.
When a female is left alone, she should always be given one. She will treasure it and will battle for it with all her power if another bird tries to see inside.
Also, hang a bell where she may ring it with her bill. Tiny bells on each end of her swing- when she gets used to them- thrill her.
The female has an innovative brilliance worth seeing if you give her the opportunity to use it.
In this way, she is as fascinating as the singer, darting from one thing to the next, bent on amusing herself.
She values attention with reciprocity of affection and comprehension, which the more egotistical male bird rarely shows. She will return all you do for her. Try her out and see what happens.
Canary birds are as vulnerable to alterations as children’s play places.
You wouldn’t put baby Denise or Eddie in an open window with a strong breeze blowing through; you wouldn’t let them sleep where a cold draft crossed the bed; you wouldn’t let them play on the piazza on a chilly morning without extra-warm wraps; and you wouldn’t let them stay there when a strong wind blows across it.
True, the bird is warmly feathered, and the youngsters are prudently dressed, but common sense tells you that if they do not put on extra clothes, a severe cold will develop, and it may settle in the brain, throat, and lungs, and perhaps end in death.
House-birds are also susceptible to colds in the head, lungs, and other organs if they are inadvertently exposed to extreme temperatures.
They don’t have any extra clothes to wear. A temperature of around seventy degrees Fahrenheit operates on a singing bird-like stimulus. He is quite content with it.
Of course, no one expects anyone to adjust the environment to a bird’s liking.
We mention it only to demonstrate how much better house-birds adapt to hotter temperatures.
They will weather harsh winters if adequately covered at night, but if exposed to winds, draughts, or cold, blame yourself for the unexpected absence of his joyful singing.
On a frigid winter morning, notice how he stands on one foot while warming the other in his feathers; his feathers are all swollen.
If it doesn’t persuade you that he’s chilly, grab him in your hands and see how his small feet are like tiny piece of ice formed, how he cuddles in your warm palm, how reluctant he is to leave it for the cold cage again; and you’ll conclude that house-pets lack the hardihood of wild birds.
How could they? They are artificially raised, live artificial lives in a nice prison, and artificiality depletes their blood and makes them weak.
We feel obligated to talk on the topic so passionately since so many pet canaries have been brought to our attention afflicted with illnesses developed via injudicious exposure; owners of canaries rarely pause to contemplate the noticeable difference in their constitution and that of a wild bird.
“Birds need to be outside,” they say, and often send them out in gales with the best of intentions. Soon, the melody stops, a blood artery bursts, and he dies.
What may be the source of the problem? I’m not going to buy another bird from that fancier!” So the fancier is mocked; he must suffer as a result of the uneducated buyer’s foolishness, who is so devoid of reason that she cannot comprehend why a canary must be inherently less robust than other wild, free birds of the same size.
Nobody can be faulted for being ignorant, but when the truth is presented, it is a fool indeed who refuses to embrace it and profit from it.
If, after reading these pages, you still starve and expose your house-birds, blame only yourself, and don’t point a finger of blame at the fancier who sold them to you. House-birds are better off, and will survive longer, if they are never hung in the open air, especially during a windy, frosty, or chilly hour.
In the frost of our September mornings, a lady we knew placed a cage with three magnificent singers and two females on the patio a few times.
They quickly began to show signs of sickness. The ladies and a vocalist died in excruciating pain. She called onus with the others, grieving the loss of such a wonderful brood.
We checked them and determined that they had a severe cold.” She first dismissed the notion.
“The weather has been so pleasant all throughout,” she explained, “and I have taken great care of them.” However, facts informed her that the September mornings were not warm enough for these devoted creatures.
The rattling in Battle’s chest and the snuffling in his nose were clear indicators.
They may have been healed if no other troubling symptoms had emerged, but cold after cold had eventually damaged the lung tissue. They couldn’t be saved.
If your birdcage is in the window, toss an article or put a piece of paper over the sides closest to the casement at night.
It is barely a moment’s task, yet it protects the bird from a stray draught and the resulting damage.
On really cold nights, remove the cage from the window and place it on a table or any other suitable location where it may be comfortably covered and is secure from accidental knocks.
A little aperture at the base is left for clean breathing air, no larger than a silver dollar, and he is as comfortable as needed.