Plants are universally acknowledged to be the finest sources of nutrients. As a result, both amateur and professional aquarist aspire to develop meals that are as near to plant-based as possible, such as Daphnia.

All the food manufacturers feel their own is the finest, yet no comparison of products has ever been fair and unbiased.

Aquarists have found it difficult to make up their minds due to conflicting claims, therefore they rely on multiple brands to obtain the advantages of each.

A good concept for those who don’t have time to conduct extensive testing. Let the fishes enjoy the change.

Puppy biscuit

Puppy biscuit may be used as emergency meal for fish. It only needs to be ground to a suitable size. 

All ground fish food should be sifted so that dust-like particles suitable for baby fish are kept separate from the grains meant for adults.

The majority of large fish ignore the powder, but scavenger and snail fish must be present it tends to foul the water. 


Removing the powder by sifting through the cheesecloth is rather tedious. The Muslin strainer sifts a fine flour, the best for young fish and other small fish like Bettas.

This easy recipe has been known to be a winner for a long time:

Two powdered cookie tumblers three pinches of salt and three pinches of pepper should be mixed with a portion of powdered dried shrimp.

Then, wet the mixture with water that has had an egg beaten into it.

If required, add enough plain water to get the mixture to a workable consistency, then spread it about a quarter-inch deep on tins, such as pie-plates. 

During the summer, it is possible to sun-dry food, but it is more energy-efficient to use a radiator in the winter.

At this point, the surface can be worked on in portions using a wide knife to complete the drying. When dry, it is broken down into smaller pieces suitable for processing in a mill grind and sift until it is ground and coarse enough to desired sizes.

Another recipe is made of equal parts of powdered shrimp and rye or whole wheat meal. Flour is also beneficial for pea or lima bean.

The latter may be found at grocery stores. A savory amount of dried salmon eggs and some salt is added to this 50-50 mix. This is then combined with raw egg beaten by a steep paste, using approximately one egg to pint a dry mixture.

Complete as in the last recipe. Baking is more bulky when baking powder is added but heat drives key ingredients away and should not be used for cooking in the finest modern way.

Shredded codfish may be spread on paper and dried under mild heat in a few minutes when the temperature is cold or dry, and can be obtained everywhere in food stalls. When fairly dry, rubbing between the palms makes it easy to pulverize.

This recipe can be replaced with powdered shrimp, but should only be used approximately two-thirds.

No extra salt should be added because it is strongly packed with salt. Some dried shrimp may be purchased at moderate cost on the ground but should be further crushed.

Full drying in winter is best done if the air is dry. When dry, it may be readily melted up to break down.

Dried fish

The dried fish meals are quite concentrated. It might be theoretically constipating.

To avoid this, some producers of high-quality meals use powdered agar-agar, a vegetal ingredient of marine algae, that is insoluble gelatinous.

Two heaping teaspoons would be sufficient for adding to a pint of the dry mix.

A teaspoon of powdered or precipitated chalk will contribute lime, equal to, say, the bones when one fish swallows another!

“Fish is the finest meal for fish.” Any foods made of dried fish should be properly kept from flies and moths or its ingredients.

Your eggs turn into worm larvae that devour and riddle your cocoons with food. It is best to preserve a bulk in lump form in tins or other shut receptacles when made of big quantities, and to only grind the supply at once for one month.

Worms can’t make a lot of progress against huge, difficult lumps. Chicken eggs may be made as fish food by beating, adding a teaspoon full of water per egg, and then gently poured into mildly salted, boiling water. By straining, the resultant flakes are collected.

The drying of fish food is just a convenience for the novice aquarist. It should be dried for no other purpose.

Visitors to wholesale facilities are perplexed when they observe the fish nibbling on a type of porridge that has been provided to them, supposing it to be some kind of secret preparation.

Such food is simple to make and, as with dried foods, a wide range of ingredients are safe. Typically, one of the quick-cooking oatmeals is used as the foundation.

A simple and satisfying dish consists of 2 parts oatmeal and 1 part powdered shrimp, gently cooked and stirred over a low heat for about 10 minutes, or until the mass is thick.

Begin with roughly double the amount of water as the dry ingredients.

As for the salt, use the same amount as you would for regular oatmeal.

Pour into saucers, chill, and store in the refrigerator until ready to use.

One batch will last for around 5 days. Drop a suitable-sized amount into each tank and let the fish pick it apart. Enough to keep them going for 10 minutes isn’t too much.

An egg is a rich source of protein for fish. A raw egg pounded into a pint of water for boiling the porridge increases its quality.

The thickening process is accelerated as a result, however the cooking time should not be decreased as a result. Allow it to get fairly thick.

Although live foods are not necessary, Daphnia is always desired. They are essential for baby fishes, and they fill a void that few, if any, prepared fish meals provide.


Daphnia is the most well-known living food. Although this little aquatic crustacean (about the size and basic form of a flea) is found nearly everywhere in freshwater, it only appears in large numbers in a few areas, most of which are quite unpleasant.

The genuine “fish fan” may be seen near the edges of the ponds that are sometimes present on city dumping sites, engulfed in a cloud of mosquitoes, slowly whirling a net through evil-looking water, trying to catch a few million of the “bugs.”

It is usually tough to describe Daphnia to someone.

Collecting like and how to acquire them, but let’s give it a shot. Going out once with an experienced collector is the finest Daphnia shortcut to this information.

They range in colour from green to gray to crimson. We prefer red, and the deeper the red, the better. We always want to discover them in colonies that are dense enough that the bulk colours the water.

If they are red, they appear as a dull red or rusty mist in the water from a few feet away.

The cloud might be as little as 2 inches across. If we’re lucky, it’ll be two feet; if we’re unlucky, the entire surface of the water will be red with them, “like liver,” as the Daphnia hounds joyously describe it.

The cloud structure is not unique, although there are frequently lots of “bugs” with none in sight, and there are again none.

The Daphnia gatherer equips himself with a unique net made of cheesecloth. It should be around 10 inches broad, 14 inches deep, and have a rounded bottom with a seamless design.

Some have a seam and are pointed at the bottom, similar to a reversed foolscap, however this design injures the Daphnia by concentrating their weight into a ball if the catch is good.

The net should be connected to a sturdy, jointed pole, which can generally be found at sports goods stores or departments. A 9-foot length divided into three pieces is approximately ideal.

If the weather is hot, the net is dipped into the pond and its contents are reversed into a big carrying pail of water, which should be liberally chilled.

If the Daphnia are in large numbers, the net simply has to be dipped; otherwise, some gentle churning is required. For about a half-minute, the net is pushed around the water’s surface. This raises the Daphnia from the bottom.

The collector is both perplexed and fascinated by the uncertainty of whether Daphnia will be discovered and where. Ponds go through several stages. They may be excellent for a short period of time and then die down.

Daphnia requires a high level of oxygen. When it is insufficient, it rises to the surface, like it does in fish.

This is more likely to occur during hot temperatures or on humid days. They are also at the summit in the early morning before the wind has begun to agitate.

Where gathering competition is fierce, the real fish enthusiast begins his or her search for live meal early in the morning.

On rainy days and early mornings, the Daphnia are more likely to be down, but on hot days and early mornings, they are more likely to be up. They will rise to the surface when overcrowded, regardless of the weather.

In April, daphnia blooms abundantly. They decline in hot summers, rebound in October, and can be seen in limited quantities in mild winters in favourable years.

Of course, ponds may be fished out of Daphnia, although modest fishing is thought to lengthen rather than shorten the cycle. It keeps the Daphnia from crowding out one another.

There are many species of Daphnia. There are a few species that live in acidic water, but they are not the ones that proliferate by the million.

Aquarists collect those that dwell in neutral to slightly alkaline water. Daphnia, like fish, require as much air surface as possible in their water.

Additionally, they should be maintained as cold as possible. They will survive around 2 to 3 days if not congested in the summer and roughly a week if not overcrowded in April or October.

Aquarium keeping has grown so popular that many retailers now offer live Daphnia in their aquarium areas.

A tiny amount twice a week will go a long way toward keeping the fish in a small aquarium healthy.

Live Daphnia are sold by nearly all professional fish dealers and breeders. Some collectors trim the routes on which they operate.

As a result, most of us may have live fish meal without the difficulty of gathering it.

Daphnia is a valuable fish food, however it is not without flaws or hazards. It works as a laxative due to its soft yet insoluble shell, and too much laxative results in a fat fish.

This inclination can be addressed by alternately eating fish with starchy foods like wheat or oats. Daphnia poisoning kills a few fish each year.

This may happen with other meals, but it is more common with Daphnia since they are so fond of them.  

As previously stated, the presence of an excessive quantity of Daphnia might deprive fish of vital oxygen.

The most serious objection to Daphnia is the company they keep. Many fish adversaries may be found in such pools, feasting on Daphnia.

They are mainly tiny larvae that are difficult to identify but develop quickly when when feeding on valuable aquarium fishes.

Some of these are described under “Enemies.” Furthermore, we have seen an increase in the number of unusual diseases affecting our exotic fishes in recent years lumps on the body, open sores, red excrescences, and worms coming from the bodies or eyes.

Some of these unpleasant diseases may be carried in with incubating fish from the tropics, but it is more likely that they originate from a mature Daphnia pond where hundreds of kinds of life swarm.

Daphnia is the most common cause of these uncommon illnesses. Despite the fact that the downsides of Daphnia have been discussed, the truth remains that their advantages greatly exceed their disadvantages.

the belief that Daphnia is ideal for fish feeding, Dried Daphnia Some feel that they are nearly perfect in their dried state.

This is not supported by the expertise of skilled aquarists. They are difficult to dry, costly, and of dubious utility, except maybe as a laxative, because the shells stay insoluble, while the fleshy sections dry to almost nothing.

While Daphnia is raised in large quantities by wholesale breeders with outdoor pools, and while we occasionally hear claims of people raising enough in a tub to supply their fishes over winter.

It is safe to say that with our current knowledge of the subject, it is not possible to breed enough in a tub, summer or winter, to satisfy an average amateur’s collection of fishes.

It would be quite a feat to sustain a pair of 2-inch fish for a year only on Daphnia grown in a tub.

If we don’t expect too much and are satisfied with a little feeding every now and then, the thing can be done and is worth a go. The best option is to use an old wooden tub or trough. It should be exposed to direct sunlight.

Green water is the ideal diet for Daphnia. When not required, this can be manufactured in an infinite number of units.

However, slightly alkaline water, plenty of sunshine, and a little sheep dung mixed with rotting leaves will result in green water or other circumstances favourable to Daphnia development.

Almost any vegetable or animal matter that decomposes can enhance open ponds.

Dried mosquito larvae

Dried mosquito larvae are the same as dried Daphnia larvae and are not worth the effort.

However, drying Mosquito larvae has the additional benefit of eliminating millions of potential murderous Mosquitoes.

When collecting larvae from suspiciously filthy pools, it’s a good idea to rinse them in freshwater before feeding or storing them.

Freshly swatted houseflies are a delectable source of food for larger species. Flies When fish get acclimated to them, they’re constantly looking for their owner to give them a few as a special treat.

We occasionally detect rusty edges in Daphnia ponds.

Tubifex Worms

Tubifex Worms near the beach that appear to be Daphnia but are actually a swarm of wriggling, thread like worms known as Tubifex.

When they are scared, they go quiet and withdraw within their cases for a brief period of time. These are the worms that may be found in aquarium soil. They’re popular as fish food.

The easiest way to keep these worms is in a bucket with a little trickle of water from a faucet. The worms congregate near the container’s bottom in a mass.

A powerful stream should sometimes break apart this pile, and the dead worms should be flushed away.

They survive longer in cold water. They are available all year, although collecting them is more of a professional task than an amateur one. After considering several natural meals from the sea, EarthWorms invites us to focus on a tasty delicacy from the land, the humble worm.


The Earthworm, Garden Worm, Rain Worm, and Fishing Worm are all names for this species.

It is the main source of food for almost all freshwater fish. They were given this as a gift by nature. It is unimprovable by man. Even the vegetarian fish enjoy it.

Game fish are likely to be suspicious of the hook, but they are unable to reject the worm.

There isn’t much to say about gathering this particular meal. That is a subject of firsthand knowledge.

The one thing to avoid is ingesting the foul-smelling Dung Worm, which lives in manure piles and exudes a repulsive yellow excretion. Even wild fish avoid them.

Smaller worms are more sensitive and preferred in general. Except for big Cichlids, the majority of them should be sliced for aquarium use.

It’s really easy to accomplish using a pair of old scissors. These worms are ideal for breeding fish. In the fall, stock up on them for winter usage.

Keep in a moist but not wet environment. Feed mashed potatoes, cornmeal, or rolled oats in little amounts.

They will also consume dampened dead maple leaves that have been placed on the soil’s surface.

EarthWorms are available year-round in many of our major cities’ live-bait stores. In numerous lakes and Glass Worms ponds around the country, one may breach the ice in the wintertime and net a plentiful supply of live food known as Glass Worms.

Fly larvae

A fly larvae is about half an inch long and almost transparent.

Glass Worms have the appearance of a tiny Pike when viewed from above. They are not worm-like in appearance, despite being commonly referred to as Worms.

They stay exceptionally well in crowded circumstances and may be kept in cold water for weeks.


Other Live Foods, such as Asellus, Freshwater Shrimp, Fairy Shrimp, MayFly larvae, and others, are only fascinating to aquarists when other subjects die, assuming they ever die.

Fairy Shrimp
Freshwater Shrimp

Normally, they cannot be collected in large quantities. Some grains, including pancake flour, are prone to worm growth. The fish like these plump tiny white worms.

MayFly larvae

Brown Mealworms, which are sold at pet stores for feeding to birds, are an excellent meal for strong-jawed fishes like Cichlids.

They will reproduce rapidly if placed in a big, covered tin box with lots of bran and let to go through their natural beetle stage.

Ramshorn Snail

Crushed tiny aquatic snails of any sort provide excellent fish food, and they are especially important in the winter when other live meals are rare. Almost any fish will eat a whole newly born Ramshorn Snail (Planorbis).

Brine Shrimp

The newly born Brine Shrimp is a remarkable invention in live meals (Artemia Salina). The eggs, which are roughly the size of a table pepper, are gathered, dried, and sold commercially.

Unbelievably, even after being dry for over a year, these eggs hatch in a day or two when placed in marine water (natural or artificial).

When they hatch, they are the size of a pinhead. They are avidly devoured after being netted and placed in a freshwater aquarium with young fish.

If the shrimp are maintained in sea water with a tiny bit of vegetal breakdown (lettuce, etc.) and some algae development, they can grow to an adult size of approximately 3% inch.


To the fish-breeder, the term “Infusoria” refers to almost any aquatic animal creature of a sufficient size to feed juvenile fishes before they are old enough to handle small Daphnia.


Many of these little animals, such as the significant group of Rotifers, are not Infusoria at all, but we aquarists are used to making scientific blunders without shame, so we will use the term in its common definition without apology.

A finer net is required to collect them since they are the size of tiny particles. A fine bolting cloth is ideal for the job. Fine muslin is also excellent.

Infusoria is less likely to be present in abundance than Daphnia.

One of the most significant species (Brachionus Rubens), a Rotifer that occasionally attaches itself to Daphnia, may be observed as a rusty film on the water’s surface.

This tiny fellow frequently encrusts the Daphnia so thoroughly that it takes on a spherical look and maintains its hopping motion with obvious difficulty.

If the infusoria are not swimming in the water, it is simple to collect them by first collecting the Daphnia, put them in a very fine sieve, and running water through them.

The Infusoria are knocked off and pass through the screen, which is too fine for the Daphnia to pass through.

Another essential species containing a lot of solid matter and on which juvenile fish grow quickly is Hydatina Senta, which arrives in abundance in the very early spring before the Daphnia have a strong start. Both of these species are large enough to fit in a muslin net.

Infusoria spores may be found everywhere in the air. When they land in water where decomposition is taking place, they find a favourable habitat and reproduce.

The most practical approach to obtain a culture is to set up a little decomposition and wait for the results, which generally emerge in a few days.

Hydatina Senta, a rotifer, is one of the greatest microscopic living meals. It is found in Daphnia ponds and elsewhere, and is most numerous in the early spring months. The two figures are displayed in their respective sizes.

in the sun or near a radiator Crumble them and sprinkle enough over the surface of the water to cover them.

Raw lettuce, spinach, or other leaves may be utilized, but no Infusoria will grow until they begin to degrade. Aquariums with voracious eaters, such as the four-horned Ampullaria, quickly generate Infusoria. 

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